Grosmont Priory was established in the 12th century and closed during the dissolution of the monasteries in the 16th century. The village was established in the 1830s when the Whitby to Pickering Railway was built, and grew as a result of industrial iron ore extraction from mines in the area, and in the 1860s the development of an ironworks led to further growth. Up to at least the 1850s the village was known as Tunnel.
The parish of Grosmont is located in the valley of the River Esk, near its confluence with the Murk Esk. Excluding farms, the village is the only habitation in the parish. According to the 2011 UK census, the parish had a population of 318, a reduction on the 2001 UK census figure of 335, and down from its peak in 1880 when it was 1600. Several of the road access routes have steep gradients.
The village is on National Rail's Esk Valley Line served by Grosmont railway station, which is also used by the North Yorkshire Moors Railway (NYMR), forming the northern terminus of its Heritage Railway to Pickering.
Grosmont is a very quaint village that appears to live in the past, but is full of very interesting things to do. First and foremost is the North Yorkshire Moors Railway which runs both to Whitby on the coast and inland to Pickering. It also makes several special journeys to Battersby, on the mainline to Middlesbrough. It is the jewel in the crown of the North Yorkshire Moors and a journey through the glorious countryside in one of the steam trains is a must. Don't worry if you have mobility issues as there is access onto the trains, just enquire at the ticket office or shop. The engine shed is also a place that needs to be on your 'to visit' list. The Geall Gallery and Artisan Cafe is an interesting mix of original paintings, prints, pottery, bronze work and jewellery set alongside a quirky tearoom that sells interesting alternative food and drinks.
There are several other tearooms in Grosmont, one on the Station platform, one set in the old school and another along the main street with a garden setting. The old bookshop is fascinating to wander round, and there is a lovely gift shop just below it. The station has a very comprehensive shop selling souvenirs, maps, sweets etc.
The oldest independent Co-operative Society shop is a must to visit as it sells local baking, newspapers, magazines, and has a great range of local beers and spirits. It also houses the post office. The Station Tavern has recently been refurbished and offers great bar meals, or you can eat in its restaurant and wash your meal down with a pint of local ale.
Grosmont is home to the NYMR's engine shed. A number of structures in and near the village are listed, including: the three arch sandstone road bridge over the Esk, dating from around 1700. Several railway related buildings and structures are listed, including the 'Station Tavern' public house and outbuildings (originally "The Tunnel Inn"); the Post Office (c. 1835); and the former horse tramway tunnel, now a pedestrian route; all built for the Whitby and Pickering Railway in the 1830s.
Also listed are the Murk Esk Railway Bridge (1845), 1845 Railway Tunnel and the G.T. Andrews designed Grosmont Railway Station (1846), all built for the York and North Midland Railway.
Walks in and around Grosmont
Grosmont is a great place to start your walk. The coast to coast walk actually comes right through the village en-route to Robin Hoods Bay, the finishing point of the walk.
There are several circular walks around the area, one being to the tiny village of Beckhole, via an ancient Monks Trod and finishing at the well known 17th century watering hole known as The Birch Hall Inn.
You can then go further on to Goathland, if you wish. For a short stroll you could take the Toll road to Egton Bridge, with a couple of hostelries to choose from once there.
Another walk could take you along the Goathland and Grosmont rail trail, which is 4 miles long but not circular. If you start at Goathland It could involve you taking the train back as it is almost entirely downhill to Grosmont.
You could try walking the final stage of the Esk Valley Walk, starting it at Grosmont station. It follows the valley into Whitby to the pier where you could reward yourself with famous Whitby fish and chips!
North Yorkshire Moors Railway
The Whitby to Pickering Railway was built, and grew as a result of industrial iron ore extraction, and in the 1860s the development of an ironworks led to further growth of the village.Back